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John Craven Thornthwaite, Token Maker & Medalist, Sydney

John Craven Thornthwaite, Token Maker & Medalist, Sydney

John Craven (J.C.) Thornthwaite was the first person to manufacture tokens and medals in Australia. He was born in England, the location variously recorded as County Cumberland or, according to information from his family, at St Batholomews Close, London, in 1820. At the age of 18 he was apprenticed to Slater Geoghegan of The Strand, Middlesex, as a stone, seal and gem engraver, for a period of six years.

By Museums Victoria | Friday, November 8, 2019

J.R. Grundy, Tobacco Merchant, Ballarat, Victoria

J.R. Grundy, Tobacco Merchant, Ballarat, Victoria

Grundy was, according to Gardner, an Englishman from near London. Victorian immigration records include one John R. Grundy, who arrived in Melbourne on the Ben Nevis in January 1855. He opened a tobacconist's shop in 1856, in Ballarat, 'and was the principal tobacconist in the town.' In Ballarat Directories dated 1856, 1862 and 1865-1866, his address is given as Main Road, Ballarat. Gardner gives his address as Bridge Road.

By Museums Victoria | Friday, November 8, 2019

Lewis Abrahams, Draper, Hobart, Tasmania

Lewis Abrahams, Draper, Hobart, Tasmania

Lewis Abrahams was certainly living in Hobart Town in 1835, records show that he was the occupier of a house and garden at 19 Bathurst Street and was in partnership with a certain H.C. Davis in a shop at 102 Liverpool Street. He was married in the Jewish Synagogue in December 1855.

By Museums Victoria | Wednesday, November 6, 2019

Miller Brothers, Coach Builders, Melbourne, Victoria

Miller Brothers, Coach Builders, Melbourne, Victoria

During the gold rush Victorian shopkeepers were permitted to issue their own copper coins, as long as they looked different from official currency. The story of the Miller Brothers, Coach Builders, is a story of family success cut short by tragedy.

By Museums Victoria | Tuesday, November 5, 2019

John Martin, Grocer & Tea Dealer, Adelaide, South Australia

John Martin, Grocer & Tea Dealer, Adelaide, South Australia

Little is known of this John Martin. He was not the same John Martin who founded the eponymous department store and Adelaide landmark (that business was founded in 1866 under the name Peters and Martin, Drapers, at 94 Rundle Street).

By Museums Victoria | Tuesday, November 5, 2019

Martin & Sach, Ironmongers, Adelaide, South Australia

Martin & Sach, Ironmongers, Adelaide, South Australia

The earliest reference to Martin & Sach was found in the 1854 Royal South Australian Almanac, when they were listed as Ironmongers of Hindley Street. The same listing appeared the following year. In the 1858 edition the business was positioned more precisely, at 82 Hindley Street. This is the year identified in the Museum Victoria Catalogue as the most likely year for the issue of their tokens.

By Museums Victoria | Tuesday, November 5, 2019

Thomas White & Son, Grocers, Westbury, Tasmania

Thomas White & Son, Grocers, Westbury, Tasmania

The store from which Thomas White issued the White and Son tokens, the White House, is still located at the corner of Lonsdale Promenade and King Street in Westbury, Tasmania. McNeice's research found that he was living in Westbury as early as 1838, and that he founded his grocery business in 1845. A land grant giving the corner block to White is dated 4 November 1841.

By Museums Victoria | Tuesday, November 5, 2019

John Howell, Bookseller & Printer, Adelaide, South Australia

John Howell, Bookseller & Printer, Adelaide, South Australia

The earliest mention of a John Howell found in this survey was 1851, when a Clerk by that name was listed as residing in North Adelaide. The earliest mention of a bookseller by this name was in 1855 when he had a premises in Hindley Street and in Strangways Terrace, North Adelaide. This survey has not established whether or not these two listings refer to the same man.

By Museums Victoria | Tuesday, November 5, 2019

Iredale & Co., Sydney, Ironmongers, New South Wales

Iredale & Co., Sydney, Ironmongers, New South Wales

Lancelot Iredale, an emancipated convict, founded this ironmongery firm in 1820. He had been transported to New South Wales in 1816 at the age of 27. His initial address, 67 George Street South, became 372 George Street in a renumbering in 1844. The founder died in June 1848. A watercolour portrait of Lancelot, painted in 1830, is held by the State Library of New South Wales.

By Museums Victoria | Thursday, October 17, 2019

Hanks & Lloyd, Tea & Coffee Merchants, Sydney, New South Wales

Hanks & Lloyd, Tea & Coffee Merchants, Sydney, New South Wales

Hanks and Lloyd was the first in a series of three trade token-issuing businesses owned by members of these two families. The following summary describes the series of businesses. John G. Hanks joined William Lloyd (probably William Fairclogh Lloyd - earlier identified in this text as A. Lloyd) to open a business at 319 George Street in 1853, which traded as the Australian Tea Mart.

By Museums Victoria | Thursday, October 17, 2019

R. Parker, Ironmonger, Geelong, Victoria, Australia, circa 1857

R. Parker, Ironmonger, Geelong, Victoria, Australia, circa 1857

Richard Parker arrived in Victoria in 1839 and established a general store in Elizabeth Street with a Mr. Boadle, the partnership disolved when Boadle left Melbourne. Parker then moved Collins Street and continued his business until selling out to Germain Nicholson in 1844, when he moved to Geelong and established an ironmongery store.

By Museums Victoria | Thursday, October 17, 2019

John Andrew & Co., Drapers, Melbourne, Victoria

John Andrew & Co., Drapers, Melbourne, Victoria

Born at Wick, Scotland, after his schooling John Andrew was apprenticed to the drapery trade in Glasgow and was later successful in his own drapery business in bustling Sauciehall Street.

By Museums Victoria | Thursday, October 17, 2019

Harrold Brothers, Ironmongers, Adelaide, South Australia

Harrold Brothers, Ironmongers, Adelaide, South Australia

Harrold Brothers, Ironmongers, issued penny tokens in 1858. From at least 1854 to 1871 Harrold Brothers occupied a number of premises on Hindley Street, Adelaide. The earliest reference located is from 1854, for D. & J. Harrold. The following year the brothers also advertised premises in Sturt Street. In 1857 their listing in the Royal South Australian Almanac gave their address as 127 Hindley Street.

By Museums Victoria | Thursday, October 17, 2019

Robert Hyde & Co., Merchants, Melbourne, Victoria

Robert Hyde & Co., Merchants, Melbourne, Victoria

Hyde's Marine Store was listed in a Melbourne directory for the first time in 1862, at 11 Albert Street East Melbourne. Between 1863 and 1865 he was listed as being in a partnership with Richard Hodgson (Hyde, Hodgson & Co.) in Albert Street, Emerald Hill. In 1866 and 1867 he was once again listed at 11 Albert Street East Melbourne. In 1868 his store was listed as a Rag Merchant's business at 120 Lonsdale Street West, before becoming a Marine Store for 1869 and 1870.

By Museums Victoria | Thursday, October 17, 2019

Warnock Bros., Drapers, Melbourne & Maldon, Victoria

Warnock Bros., Drapers, Melbourne & Maldon, Victoria

The Public Records Office of Victoria index of Immigrants, 1852-1923 lists a Samuel Warnock as arriving in Victoria from Britain on board the Constance in December 1852. James is reported to have arrived in Victoria in 1854 at the age of 22. There is no mention of a James Warnock arriving up to and including 1858, so he must either have already been in Australia or not have been recorded as arriving on the passenger lists of the time.

By Museums Victoria | Thursday, October 17, 2019

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